Mediterranean diet sustainability

The MD is the heritage of millennia of exchanges in the Mediterranean basin that have determined and distinguished the eating habits of the countries in this area.

Wine in moderation is acceptable when it is not contradictory to religious and social norms 3 — 5. Despite its increasing popularity worldwide, adherence to the Mediterranean diet model is decreasing for multifactorial influences — life styles changes, food globalization, economic, and socio-cultural factors.

The Mediterranean dietary pattern is presented not only as a cultural model but also as a healthy and environmentally friendly model Serra-Majem et al.

According to these results, embrace the MDP in Spain would significantly reduce overall water consumption, in spite of a potential increase in water consumption from vegetable and fruit groups.

With respect to GHG emissions, fish also indicated a noteworthy environmental contribution in all the dietary patterns. The most important dietary features in terms of environmental cost are those that occur between animal-based versus plant-based diets, with a relevant influence of the different ways foods are grown, processed and transported.

Its adherence in Spain would make a significant contribution to greater sustainability of food production and consumption, in addition to the well-known benefits for public health. As for the major producers and exporters of typical Mediterranean foodstuffs, it would make sense to keep a MD agricultural production model in Mediterranean countries.

It was observed that a reduction in meat consumption decreased GHG emissions, and land use, subsequently increasing the availability of land for other uses Stehfest et al. Legumes are clearly stated as alternatives to animal protein foods due to their low environmental impact and long durability.

More cross-disciplinary studies on environmental, economic and socio-cultural, and sustainability dimensions of the Mediterranean diet are foreseen as a critical need. Under-nutrition is still significant in the South of the Mediterranean: Agriculture is one of the principal contributors to the emissions of the last two gases previously mentioned while other parts of the food system promote CO2 emissions, through the use of fossil fuels in processing, transportation, retailing, storage and preparation.

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A, et al. Abstract The notion of the Mediterranean diet has undergone a progressive evolution over the past 60 years, from a healthy dietary pattern to a sustainable dietary pattern, in which nutrition, food, cultures, people, environment, and sustainability all interact into a new model of a sustainable diet.

So far, food policy and dietary guidelines have had a classical approach focusing on nutrients and their health benefits.

Most of the investigation carried out was aimed at CVD risk factors and only at the end of the last century were large observational cohorts made towards enhanced the scientific evidence concerning the MD and CVD and other disease occurrence.

Moreover, the MD has been linked to higher nutrient adequacy in both observational and intervention studies Serra-Majem, et al.

The Mediterranean diet

Dairy products were the food groups, in the MDP, presented the maximum footprint in all four analyzed footprints since in the MDP, meat had a lower weight compared to the other patterns both in frequency and amount.

It is also considered one of the easiest dietary patterns to follow long-term due to its flexibility and the accessibility of the characteristic foods. This is a positive situation that could allow the empowering of the Mediterranean diet around the world, thereby enhancing in global health indicators and in decreasing of environmental impact by production and transportation of food resources.

Alexandratos N, The Mediterranean diet in a world context.

Mediterranean Diet: From a Healthy Diet to a Sustainable Dietary Pattern

This along with better and more scientific evidence relating its benefits and effectiveness on longevity, quality of life and disease prevention, has taken this dietary pattern to an historical moment without precedent.

These results emphasize the sustainable character of the MDP in an increasingly globalized world. Far mediterranean diet sustainability being a hype diet, the health benefits linked to the Mediterranean diet are supported by scientific evidence. Introduction Research has consistently shown that certain dietary patterns, such as the Mediterranean diet MDplay a role in chronic disease prevention Serra-Majem, et al.

New pyramid for sustainable Mediterranean diet.The International Conference on Mediterranean Diet and Gastronomy: Linking Innovation, Sustainability and Health will be held at the University of Évora (Évora, Portugal), on.

Goal: Mediterranean Diet food consumption patterns as a lever to link sustainable production and consumption trough traditional and local agro-food products.

· The centrality of the individual, the consumer, should be also considered in the assessment of the sustainability of the Mediterranean diet, in spite of lack of data availability on individuals in most of the southern and eastern Mediterranean by: The Mediterranean diet is based on the traditional eating habits from the s of people from countries that surround the Mediterranean Sea, such as Greece, Italy, and Spain, and it encourages the consumption of fresh, seasonal, and local foods.

1 The Mediterranean diet is not a single prescribed diet, but rather a general food-based eating pattern, which is marked by local and cultural differences. Teil des Masterprogramms ist auch das Klimaverhandlungsexperiment des MIT Sloane Akademische Weiterbildung · InfoBrunch  · Persönliche BetreuungMSc Sustainability & Responsible Management.

The Mediterranean Diet as an Example of Environmental Sustainability Lluis Serra-Majem Lluis Serra-Majem 1,2,3*, Adriana Ortiz-Andrellucchi 1,2, Cristina Ruan-Rodriguez 1,2, Almudena Sánchez- Cited by: 1.

Mediterranean diet sustainability
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